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vocabulary, lessons 1-3


Nouns
aldove - house; home
carme - book
dive - bed
hol - chair, seat (generic, anything for sitting in or on)
las - tree
madathinte - pen, pencil; any writing implement which uses ink
maith - human, person
mave - door
mil - room
penthimile - bedroom
rauath - (dining) table
rhon - man
tath - woman
tollatie - village
tolle - town
tollin - city
tuhath - (work) table
vin - child; offspring (human)
vinach - son; boy
vinne - daughter; girl

Verbs
AIST - open
apei- - sit down, seat oneself
CATH - give
CIAR - be well, be in good health/spirits
CORH - hear
EVAR - say; tell
FAUN - close, shut
LAIRH - know (a person, not facts and information).
LER - go
madath - write (derived, not root stem)
PAI - know (things, not people), understand
PENTH - sleep
S - be
TAL - come
TUAR - see

Demonstratives, Pronouns
a, au - this (anim.)
ase - that (inan.)
asu - that (anim.)
ie - this (inan.)
the - what (inan.)
tha - who (inan.)

Silhothir
ach - "and" only connects nouns
airu - now
ais - still, yet
an prep. - in, inside of, into
andu - very
apinu - today
auvi prep. - in front of, before
ei, eia - or
lervinu - yesterday
lo, lúo - no (lúo is most used in careful speech, lo is by far more common)
lu - not
nare - there
seri - yes
tavinu - tomorrow
thare - where
úeru - soon
viare - here

Personal Pronouns.

va - I
mir - we (excl)
vachir - we (incl)
sa - you sir - you
na - s/he nir - they
en - it ir - they

Derivations.

-ati- - diminutive, "small." So, mil becomes mil-ati-e small room. Notice how you have to add the -e since this is a noun. You can suffix this to verbs, in which case it means something like "a little bit:" tuaratio va asen I saw that a little bit.

-om- - augmentive, "large." So, aldovome large house, mansion. Again, you can use this with verbs, meaning something like "a lot, greatly, very much:" pionomai na enan carmen he read that book greatly.

er- - intentional. This is a prefix. It is attached to verbs and indicates that the action was performed with intent. Thus tuaro va means I see but ertuaro va means I look.

-tuv- - desiderative, "want/wish to X." This will be strange for most people. Rather than using a separate word to say "I want to go" Vaior uses a suffix in this case (when you say "I want him to go" there is another construction): lertuvo va.

You can pile affixes up, so long as they make sense: ertuaratituvai va enan I wanted to look (at) it a little bit:


  er    - tuar - ati -tuv -ai   va enan.
  INTENT- see - DIMIN-WANT-PAST I  it.
  

The suffixes will apply their meaning to the meaning of everything "to the left." So, ertuartuvatiai va enan means I wanted a little bit to look (at) it.

The Cases and Declension.

Case Ending
Nominatve -
Accusative -n
Genitive -i
Dative -ste
Locative -ss(e)
Ablative -ll(e)
Benefactive -nte
Instrumental-ul, but -vul for V stems
mave maver nal nalir
maven maveran nalan nalran
mavei maveri nali nalri
mavestemaverastenalastenalraste
mavessemaverassenalassenalrasse
mavellemaverallenalallenalralle
maventemaverantenalantenalrante
mavevulmaverul nalul nalrul